Taormina is the tourist capital of Sicily. The town was inhabited since the archaic age, by the Sicilians and by the inhabitants of “Zancle”; in 403 BC it was the scene of further immigration from nearby Naxos, destroyed by Dionisio, tyrant of Syracuse.
Later, Taormina was occupied by the Greeks, but in 34 BC. C. became a federated city of the Romans and Ottaviano founded a colony there. In the Middle Ages, it underwent the Arab denominations but in 1079 it was occupied by the Normans, who had numerous Basilian monasteries built in the area. As soon as the Normans landed, they found themselves faced with the problem of healing the terrible wounds of the war. In 1734 it was subjected to the domination of the Bourbons which ended only with the Expedition of the Thousand.
The most important monument of Taormina is the ancient Greek-Roman theater. It is the second largest ancient theater in Sicily after the Greek Theater of Syracuse. Due to its location, it is the most beautiful ancient theater in the world.